Over the last decade, both teaching and learning styles have undergone some drastic changes. They have been developed over a period of time, keeping in mind the needs and requirements of both teachers and students. The styles adopted by a teacher or lecturer depends on a number of factors. The different styles used are the traditional approach, the classical approach, unit study approach, living books approach, principle approach and the unschooling approach.
In a traditional approach everything is laid out for easy use. It generally follows a standard scope and sequence. It has definite records of accomplishments and testing, and assignment of grades is extremely easy. However, it does not take into account every individual's learning strengths, weaknesses or interests. It also tends to discourage original and independent thinking. The classical approach is tailored to suit various stages of mental development. It helps in creating self-learners and has produced great intellectuals throughout history. However, this method has very little pre-prepared syllabus available. It generally requires a skilled teacher and an intelligent student. This method lays stress particularly on ancient disciplines and classics.
In the unit study approach, children can examine the subject matter as deeply or as lightly as they like. Characteristics such as curiosity and independent thinking are imbibed in the student. Similarly, since knowledge is interrelated, it is easily learned and remembered for a longer period. It emphasizes on the formation of good character and habits. The principle approach style encourages students to develop the habit of self-learning. It teaches students to apply biblical principles in the context of ordinary day-to-day life. However, it tends to present a very narrow view of life and history. Finally, the un-schooling approach tries to capture children's teachable moments and provides a discipleship mode of learning. However, it is hard to assess the level of learning and lacks the security of a clearly laid out program.
The teaching style to be followed depends to a great extent on the capacity and capability of both the teacher as well as the student.